World Intellectual Property Organization
The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It was established in 1967 to ensure and enhance the protection of intellectual property through cooperation among states. Currently, the Organization comprises 184 Member States. Other independent unions such as the Paris Union, the Berne Union and the Madrid Union also operate within WIPO, although they were established way back in the 19th century.
WIPO’s highest body is the WIPO General Assembly. Other bodies, such as the WIPO Conference, the WIPO Coordination Committee, and the Assemblies and Executive Committees of the Unions, meet in ordinary and extraordinary sessions. These sessions are also attended by Slovenian experts from the Ministry of the Economy and the Slovenian Intellectual Property Office. Slovenia’s positions are harmonised with those of other EU Member States. The positions are usually presented by the country holding the EU Presidency. Nevertheless, Slovenia has the right to independently present its positions. The European Commission only participates as an observer.
WIPO handles the administration of 23 international treaties on intellectual property protection, among which the following are the most well-known:
- Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property;
- Patent Law Treaty;
- Trademark Law Treaty;
- WIPO Copyright Treaty;
- Washington Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Integrated Circuits;
- Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works;
- WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty; and
- Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source on Goods.